Jackson’s first biographer, James Parton described him this way:  “Andrew Jackson, I am given to understand, was a patriot and a traitor. He was one of the greatest of generals, and wholly ignorant of the art of war. A writer brilliant, elegant, eloquent, without being able to compose a correct sentence, or spell words of four syllables. The first of statesmen, he never devised, he never framed a measure. He was the most candid of men, and was capable of the profoundest dissimulation. A most law-defying, law-obeying citizen. A stickler for discipline, he never hesitated to disobey his superior. A democratic autocrat. An urbane savage. An atrocious saint."

view full timelineTimeline

  • 1767, March 15

    Born, Waxhaw settlement, South Carolina

  • 1804, July 4

    Purchased the Hermitage

  • 1823, October 1

    Elected US Senate

  • 1828, November

    Elected President

  • 1845, June 8

    Buried in The Hermitage Garden

  • 1837, March 4

     Issues Farewell Address

Jackson’s papers

Most of Andrew Jackson’s letters and papers are not at The Hermitage. The original documents are in hundreds of libraries, museums, and even private collections. The Library of Congress in Washington, DC owns the single largest collection with over 20,000 items. The Hermitage owns about 300 items.

Read about Jackson’s Papers